In response to the findings that the NGO Global Witness published today in its annual report, Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas Director at Amnesty International said:
“Latin America remains the world’s most dangerous region for human rights defenders who work on land and environmental issues. The number of killings rose to unprecedented levels last year, with Brazil recording the worst figures of any country in history. The situation in Mexico has also deteriorated drastically, with criminal gangs taking advantage of the failure of the state to effectively protect rural communities.
“Amnesty International has also identified Colombia, Honduras, Guatemala, Peru and Paraguay as countries that are particularly dangerous for environmental human rights defenders. Aside from killings, they also face many other forms of attacks and harassment, including death threats and criminalization through the misuse of the justice system.
“Standing up to powerful actors to protect your land or the environment should not mean having to put your life on the line. But with corruption, impunity and repression fueling much of the violence across the region, the authorities must take immediate and effective measures to protect human rights defenders, many of whom are dedicated to Indigenous rights, and guarantee that their communities are genuinely consulted about any projects that will affect them.”
Published on AI on July 24, 2018
By Fabiana Frayssinet
Child labour has been substantially reduced in Latin America, but 5.7 million children below the legal minimum age are still working and a large proportion of them work in precarious, high-risk conditions or are unpaid, which constitute new forms of slave labour.
For the International Labor Organisation (ILO) child labour includes children working before they reach the minimum legal age or carrying out work that should be prohibited, according to Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour, in force since 2000.
The vast majority of these children work in agriculture, but many also work in high-risk sectors such as mining, domestic labour, fireworks manufacturing and fishing.
Three countries in the region, Brazil, Mexico and Paraguay, exemplify child labour, which includes forms of modern-day slavery.