Tajikistan ratified the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment in 1995. In 2012, Tajikistan introduced some legal changes, including, a new criminal provision defining torture and providing penalties for it. However, the Special Rapporteur on Torture made several recommendations in 2013 to fill gaps in laws and policies.
Furthermore, the UN Committee Against Torture stated in its 2012 concluding observations on the second periodic report of Tajikistan: "As a matter of urgency, the State party should take immediate and effective steps to eradicate and prevent acts of torture and ill-treatment throughout the country, particularly in police custody and in temporary and pretrial detention facilities run by the State Committee of National Security and the Department for the Fight Against Organized Crime."
Similarly, the NGO Coalition against Torture documented more than 100 cases of men, women and children who were allegedly subjected to torture or other ill-treatment between 2011 and 2014. The NGO stresses that perpetrators were brought to justice only in exceptional cases.